In-Depth Exploration of the Central Institute for Research on Goats (CIRG) in Mathura

The Central Institute for Research on Goats (CIRG) is a premier research institution located in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India. Founded in 1979, CIRG operates under the umbrella of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The institute focuses on research and developmental activities to enhance the productivity and profitability of goat farming in India, contributing significantly to the country’s rural development and national economy. In this article, we will take a deep dive into the history, objectives, research areas, achievements, and future prospects of CIRG Mathura.


CIRG was established on June 12, 1979, in response to the growing demand for goat products in India and the need for a specialized research institution to promote the development of the goat sector. The institute’s founding aimed to assist farmers in overcoming the challenges associated with goat rearing, increase productivity, and enhance the overall socioeconomic status of goat farmers in India.


The primary objectives of CIRG are as follows:

  1. Conducting research to improve goat breeds through genetic selection and breeding programs.
  2. Developing cost-effective and efficient technologies for goat farming, including feeding, housing, health management, and reproduction.
  3. Training farmers and extension personnel to adopt the latest technologies and best practices in goat farming.
  4. Providing consultancy services and technical support to various stakeholders in the goat sector.
  5. Disseminating research findings to the public through various channels, including publications, seminars, workshops, and exhibitions.

Research Areas

CIRG focuses on several research areas to achieve its objectives:

  1. Goat Breeding: The institute works on genetic improvement of goat breeds through selective breeding programs, utilizing molecular genetics and genomics tools. CIRG maintains a variety of goat breeds, including Jamunapari, Barbari, Sirohi, and Jakhrana, to conduct these programs.
  2. Nutrition and Feeding: CIRG conducts research to develop balanced and cost-effective feed formulations, promote the use of unconventional feed resources, and improve feed utilization efficiency to ensure better productivity and profitability in goat farming.
  3. Health Management: The institute develops strategies for the prevention, control, and treatment of various goat diseases, including parasitic, bacterial, and viral infections, to ensure better health and productivity of goats.
  4. Reproduction Management: CIRG investigates ways to improve reproductive efficiency in goats by studying factors affecting fertility, developing advanced reproductive techniques, and optimizing breeding strategies.
  5. Socioeconomics and Extension: The institute studies the socioeconomic aspects of goat farming, including market dynamics, policy interventions, and farmers’ constraints, to develop suitable extension strategies and improve the adoption of scientific goat rearing practices.


CIRG has made significant contributions to the field of goat research and development in India. Some noteworthy achievements include:

  1. Genetic improvement of goat breeds, resulting in increased milk yield, body weight, and growth rate, and better adaptability to various agroclimatic conditions.
  2. Development of new feed formulations using unconventional feed resources, leading to better feed utilization and reduced feed costs.
  3. Identification and characterization of major goat diseases, resulting in improved diagnostic techniques and effective control measures.
  4. Improvement of reproductive efficiency in goats through advanced reproductive techniques, such as artificial insemination and estrus synchronization.
  5. Capacity building of farmers and extension personnel through various training programs, workshops, and field demonstrations.

Notable Research Projects

CIRG has undertaken several research projects to address various challenges faced by the goat sector. Some of the notable research projects include:

  1. Genomic selection and marker-assisted breeding in goats: This project aims to identify genomic markers associated with economically important traits, such as growth rate, milk yield, and disease resistance, and use this information to accelerate genetic improvement in goat breeds.
  1. Development of novel probiotics and feed additives for goats: This project focuses on identifying and characterizing beneficial microorganisms that can be used as probiotics or feed additives to improve gut health, feed efficiency, and overall productivity in goats.
  2. Climate-resilient goat production systems: This project aims to develop strategies and technologies to help goat farmers adapt to climate change and its associated challenges, such as increased disease incidence, feed scarcity, and water shortages.
  3. Integrated goat-crop production systems: This project explores the potential of integrating goat farming with crop production to maximize resource utilization, reduce environmental impact, and increase the overall profitability of smallholder farming systems.
  4. Women empowerment through goat-based livelihoods: This project investigates the role of goat farming in empowering women in rural areas by providing them with a sustainable source of income and improving their socioeconomic status.

Collaborations and Partnerships

CIRG actively collaborates with various national and international organizations to enhance its research capabilities and extend the reach of its activities. Some of the institute’s key collaborators include:

  1. National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), India
  2. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  4. International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Lebanon
  5. National and regional agricultural universities and research institutes in India

These collaborations have led to joint research projects, exchange of scientific personnel, capacity building initiatives, and the sharing of knowledge and resources.

Future Prospects

The future prospects for CIRG are promising, as the demand for goat products continues to grow both in India and worldwide. To address this increasing demand, the institute will need to focus on the following areas:

  1. Precision livestock farming: Developing and implementing advanced technologies, such as sensors, drones, and data analytics, to monitor and manage goats more efficiently, leading to better health, welfare, and productivity.
  2. Sustainable goat production systems: Identifying and promoting environmentally sustainable practices in goat farming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, conserve resources, and minimize the environmental footprint of goat production.
  3. Value addition and product diversification: Developing new goat products and enhancing the quality of existing products to meet consumer preferences and increase the value of goat farming for producers.
  4. Capacity building and technology transfer: Strengthening the capacity of farmers and extension personnel to adopt and implement the latest research findings and technologies, and fostering greater collaboration between researchers, farmers, and other stakeholders.


The Central Institute for Research on Goats (CIRG) in Mathura plays a vital role in transforming the Indian goat sector by conducting cutting-edge research and promoting the adoption of scientific goat rearing practices. With its continued efforts and dedication, CIRG is set to make a lasting impact on the livelihoods of goat farmers and contribute significantly to the sustainable development of the goat industry in India and beyond. As the demand for goat products continues to grow, CIRG will need to remain at the forefront of innovation and research to ensure the sector’s continued growth and prosperity.


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